社区太阳能 bill would offer energy justice to Appalachian Ohio: Jessica Berger

更新:2月. 04, 2022, 2:16 p.m. |发表:2月. 02, 2022, 5:15 a.m. 克利夫兰.com

由IGS Solar建造的太阳能发电厂
35个国家中的一些,520年太阳能电池板, 见于2018年的资料照片, used by Columbus-based IGS Solar in building a 4-megawatt solar arraY to power 16 Cuyahoga County buildings. The farm will be the first-in-state solar farm built on a landfill. 450年法案, 由两名共和党人提出, would offer incentives for community solar in Ohio’s Appalachia. (Gus Chan / The Plain Dealer) The Plain Dealer

By 客人的专栏作家,克利夫兰.com

ANN ARBOR, Michigan — Ohio is stuck in the past. 2020年,该州名列全国第一 第四大 electricity-consuming状态. 高达 69%的能量 was coal-powered, making Ohio one of the top 10 coal-consuming 州 in the nation, with 的第六大 二氧化碳的排放. Locally, the coal industry wreaked havoc on the economy, health, and environment of Appalachian Ohio.

2019年,俄亥俄州遗憾地通过了该法案 众议院法案6 that further propped up coal plants and reduced renewable energy and energy efficiency programs, elements of the bill that are still in force.

幸运的是, 450年法案 has been introduced by Republican state Reps. Brian Baldridge of Winchester and Laura Lanese of Grove City. HB 450 would launch community solar projects specifically aimed at better serving Appalachian communities that are the most harmed by coal emissions.

社区太阳能 is a model of solar deployment that is built by and for the community. These projects are generally smaller solar arrays located within a community where multiple customers can sign up to receive credits on their utility bill for their share of the electricity that is produced by those panels.

社区太阳能 addresses the gap in who can benefit from the renewable-energy transition. An 大约80% of Americans cannot install their own solar panels for countless reasons: inadequate roofs in either light exposure or building structure; because they are renters unable to modify their roofs; or for lack funds for a downpayment, 获得贷款的途径有限.

A local community solar array provides community members with more 公平获得 太阳能发电的经济效益.

为什么社区太阳能在俄亥俄州有意义? If passed, HB 450 allows for up to 3,000 megawatts of community solar around the state. For reference, one megawatt of solar can power about 190 homes on average in the United States.. In total, the bill could provide solar energy benefits for 330,000 Ohioans.

社区太阳能 offers numerous benefits for a just transition to the clean-energy economy, such as 补充农民收入, supporting the growth of manufacturing industries, creating local construction job opportunities, and drawing more companies to Ohio as the demand increases for renewable energy in the business community.

社区太阳能 bridges political parties because it spurs the local economy without the need to spend public money or raise taxes. 这就是为什么hb450有 的认可 of both the Ohio Conservative 能源 Forum and the 日博365在线.

为什么在俄亥俄州的阿巴拉契亚地区需要这个?

Appalachian Ohio is dotted by the ghosts of its industrial past, 包括工业用地和枯萎病. HB 450′s “distressed site” clause is key for the region. Distressed sites include areas such as former industrial sites or landfills. Appalachian residents who live along the Ohio River near these distressed sites are 不成比例的主题 工业污染. The distressed-site clause reserves one-third of the megawatts allotted statewide for distressed sites and requires that the majority are in Appalachian Ohio.

Some localities and nonprofits have independently moved forward with some forms of community solar programs, 认识到它的许多好处. 例如, 俄亥俄州的升级 has developed several cooperative programs throughout Appalachian Ohio. Ultimately, Ohio needs a policy framework to make community solar more broadly feasible.

为什么是现在? 超过三分之一的美国人.S. 州 已经享受到了好处 从社区太阳能. 通过加入他们, 俄亥俄州可以为农民提供收入, 储蓄的房主, and work to electricians and solar installers. 此外, the current public health and economic crisis and the worsening climate crisis demonstrate the urgency of decarbonizing the grid while providing economic support to the most vulnerable communities in Ohio.

你会做什么? If you want to see locally driven community solar projects in Ohio, please contact your local legislator and advocate for community-solar initiatives.

Jessica Berger is a graduate student at the University of Michigan pursuing a degree in environmental justice with a background working in micromobility and renewable energy.

来源:http://www.Cleveland.com/opinion/2022/02/community-solar-bill-would-offer-energy-justice-to-appalachian-ohio-jessica-berger.html

留下一个回复

您的电子邮件地址将不会被公布.

这个网站使用Akismet来减少垃圾邮件. 了解如何处理评论数据.